Mineral MAX ingredients

“The effective integration of carbon, minerals, and microbes in farm and forestry management provides solutions to nutrient loss and helps mitigate point source solutions of primary nutrients such as phosphorus and nitrogen.”

—Tom Vanacore, Rock Dust Local,

All mineral components in WOWGROWAlgae Mineral MAX enrich and mineralize soil and compost, promote vegetative and root growth, increase fruiting and flowering, enhance the flavor of produce, increase plant resistance to diseases and pests, boost plant starts, and reduce plant water needs. The mineral ingredients are all high in silica and trace elements. They play a major role in chlorophyll development and the photosynthesis process.

Blue-Green Algae (Aphanizomenon Flos-aquae): Blue-Green algae is packed with biologically active vitamins, enzymes, chlorophyll, fatty acids, lipids, carbohydrates, minerals, trace minerals, pigments, and other essential growth factors. Our Blue-Green algae is sustainably harvested from Klamath Lake. For more information, please see the several articles and web links on Blue-Green algae under the Articles and Links navigation buttons on this website.
Oregon Tilth, WSDA & CDFA certified for organic crops

Sea Crop® Ocean Mineral Concentrate: SEA-CROP® is composed of organic matter and minerals derived from pristine seawater with a reduction by 95% of sodium chloride. Sea Crop® contains 50,000 organic substances. It is a solution of minerals in ionic liquid form that has never been dried or subjected to heat; heat can destroy organic compounds. Sea Crop® aids enzyme formation and is intended to be used as part of a fertility plan per the product website. See the Links page on this website for more information on Sea Crop®.
Oregon Tilth, WSDA & CDFA certified for organic crops

Kelp: Kelp is a brown-colored marine alga that has been used as a mineral-rich plant fertilizer since the beginning of agriculture. It boosts soil fertility, improves water retention capacity, and contributes over 70 minerals and vitamins to soil which benefits plant health. Kelp increases chlorophyll production in plants which allows plant root systems to grow faster and develop greater mass resulting in stronger and larger plants. Its restorative effect on plants is largely due to its high levels of cytokinin, a natural growth hormone. Kelp provides resistance to disease and cold temperatures and mitigates transplant shock by augmenting plant defenses. It is popular worldwide rinsed and mulched in many gardens and farms.

The fronds of this Kelp are harvested from a bay in Iceland. The cold-water nutrient-rich trace minerals contain a high amount of Potassium and 1% Nitrogen. Thorvin makes a highly concentrated rapid-dissolving powder suitable for foliar application, liquid solutions, or any combination of fertilizers. It can also be applied separately.

The nitrogen contained in this material is organic and in a natural form, so it does not cause burns. The fronds uptake nutrients from seawater so it is a perfect complement to Sea Crop as two forms of sea minerals. Kelp collects minerals, vitamins, enzymes, amino acids, and other bioactive properties. This material is sustainably harvested using naturally occurring geothermal drying. Kelp helps nourish the microbial communities in the soil. It re-mineralizes the soil providing the essential minerals for plant growth and development. It boosts nutrient uptake which supports plant growth and vigor and contributes to the nutrient density of crops, grains, vegetables, and fruit.

Kelp can be used while watering and transplanting herbs, flowers, vegetables, fruit, lawns, trees, and specialty crops. This material can be added to compost, used as a top dressing, or added to compost tea. Kelp is an essential part of our Mineral-Max formula. The optimal time to apply is early morning or late day, but it can be applied any time.
(1% Water Soluble Nitrogen, 0% Available Phosphate, 18% Soluble Potash) 
OMRI listed, USDA Organic Program; Icelandic harvest of Ascophyllum Nodosum Kelp; Thorvin,

Humates DG (35% humic acid, 35% fulvic acid): Humates are dark-colored compressed organic carbon compounds that remain in the soil after the natural degradation of biomatter. Humates have long been recognized for their many beneficial impacts on soil and plant growth. They contain a growth promotant that enhances cell division and cell elongation. Beneficial microbes & fungi such as mycorrhizal fungi are encouraged to flourish. They stabilize Nitrogen & Carbon and increase their efficiency while aiding in the solubility and stability of Phosphorous & Potassium. Humates help stop carbon leaching while helping water & oxygen intake-nutrient uptake. Microbes break down the size of the nutrients for plants to absorb them more easily. They can be applied in every possible way. Humates are cost-effective, holding up to 20 times their weight in water (including providing worm tunnels) all of which reduces the amount of water needed for crop irrigation. They are of great value.

Humates are classified into three distinct categories: humic acid, fulvic acid, and humins; they complement each other and enhance their overall effectiveness. Humins are large-sized molecules whose primary role is to improve soil structure and increase water holding capacity. Humic acids function as essential ion exchange and chelation agents. Humates help plants handle stress more effectively and promote more rapid recovery when needed.
CDFA, OMRI listed, New Mexico

Humic Acid: Elements easily bind to humic acids in a form that can readily be absorbed by turf roots and micro-organisms. Humic acids increase cell wall permeability which also enhances nutrient uptake. They chelate toxic metals preventing harmful material from entering the plant. They stimulate microbial activity in soil, increase water retention, and stimulate root and shoot growth. Soil texture is improved from this myriad of conditions.

Fulvic Acid: Fulvic acids are smaller molecules that consist mostly of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen. Like humic acids, they are formed through microbial decay. They contain twice as much oxygen as humic acids and are more biologically active. The principal benefit of fulvic acids is their ability to bind to nutrients and transfer those nutrients into plants. They can carry a nutrient amount many times their own weight. Fulvic provides slow vital nutrient release, chelates toxins & magnifies root growth.

AZOMITE® Volcanic Ash Deposit (Micronized Grade): A 30-million-year-old highly mineralized volcanic ash complex formed in Grand Mesa, Utah from an ancient volcanic eruption into an inland seabed. The seawater cooled & fused the volcanic rock dust. AZOMITE® contains a variety of trace minerals including Calcium (1.8%), Magnesium (0.5%), Silicon, Manganese, and Potassium. AZOMITE® also helps soil retain moisture, strengthens plants, and boosts the ability of plants to resist pests and diseases. It is a natural, organic product that re-mineralizes soil, wakes up its microbials, and encourages root growth. The benefits of using AZOMITE® include larger crop yields and better-tasting produce with greater nutritional value and enhanced flavor & color, especially fruits & flowers.
CDFA, OMRI listed, Utah

Carbon: Biochar & Other Types

Carbon is the main component of soil organic matter. It is the sponge that routes sugars and carbohydrates through plant roots to soil organisms augmenting the bioavailability of the soil. It increases a plant’s ability to retain nutrients, water, soil structure to improve its quality, balance, and fertility. Carbon in soil boosts seed germination, encourages green growth, unlocks phosphates, breaks down chemicals, buffers salts, and mitigates weed growth. This illustrates high levels of the many forms of carbon in the improvement of soil. Char carbon: Pyrolysis process a potential soil amendment made from the incomplete burning of charcoal. It adds carbon to soil and can greatly enhance its water-retaining capacity and nutrient density. Char carbon can increase safely organic matter and microbial activity present in soil. Aids the bioremediation of contaminated soil. The multitude of chambers within the char carbon can increase the organic matter potential and microbial activity to improve soil biology.

Biochar: A stable & porous solid rich in carbon can endure in soil for thousands of years. It slowly decomposes in soil and becomes more effective in improving soil quality and expanding its boundaries. It stores and conserves nutrients and releases them as plants need them. It is used as a soil ameliorant for both carbon sequestration and soil health benefits. Biochar has a long history that predates colonization. Hardwood Biochar: Finely-ground activated charcoal that is formed by burning hardwood in the absence of oxygen. During this process, the physical & chemical properties of the hardwood change and become carbon-rich biochar through Pyrolysis process: Heating organic matter biomass without oxygen to decompose it. This creates greater potassium residues, lot of aerated chambers in the carbon for the microbes.
OMRI listed, NOP compliant, Canada

Activated carbon filters are also used for soil remediation with very beneficial effects. They sequester carbon, increase moisture levels in soil, improve soil fertility, and break down chemicals. They provide a good environment for microbes and decrease nitrogen loss. Coconut shells, a renewable resource, are an ideal for filtration due to the high percentage of micro-pores on their surface which is helpful with removing contaminants. Earthworms can be added to coconut carbon.

Soil Remediation: Enhancing or controlling biological processes to purify or revitalize soil by removing contaminants and returning the soil to an unpolluted state. increased soil fertility, greater crop yields, and less emissions of greenhouse gases.

Terra Prieta is the black soil of the Amazon. Carbon has been added to the soil where it has remained stable for thousands of years. Carbon binds to the soil and retains minerals and nutrients which produces a large number of micro-organisms in soil as well as helping with soil balance and water holding capacity.
Check out the Links section to learn more on Biochar.

Silica (Silicon): Silica is a mineral compound made up of Silica & Oxygen (SiO2). It is formed by land and sea volcanoes. Being a protein transporter that feeds beneficial microbes, it increases the carbon exchange in soil and improves soil texture. It assists with the uptake of phosphorus and improves the ability of soil to retain water. Silica enhances the strength and rigidity of plants. It helps plants develop stronger roots, stems, and foliage and provides a foundation for its structure. Silica helps seedlings photosynthesize further which creates a higher chlorophyll content. The higher chlorophyll content helps plants grow taller and become more robust. The antifungal properties of silica improve plant and seedling tolerance to environmental stresses and attacks from pests and disease which increases crop yields. Silica helps leaf stomata regulate moisture and temperature. Most of the components in WOWGROWAlgae Mineral MAX have high levels of silica.

Mineral MAX Intrinsic Factors

Soil Web: The soil-food-web is a community of organisms that live in the rhizosphere where the roots meet the soil. They interact together to help make nutrients more bioavailable. The sun’s energy triggers photosynthesis in plants which results in carbon fixation, the process by which plants take inorganic carbon such as carbon dioxide and attach it to an organic molecule. This creates carbon and organic compounds that make up a plant’s composition. A high level of carbon improves soil biology leading to its greater ability to retain water and increased width and depth in plants. Topsoil is also improved. Soil organic matter continues to build and is used by simple soil organisms which decompose plant material. The feeding of soil microbes allows more nutrients to be released. Plant sugars then increase and feed soil microbes which, in turn, release nutrients that plants use.

The interchange between soil and plants captures nitrogen and supplies it to plant root nodules while also solubilizing phosphorus and other nutrients, and transmitting potassium. The soil forms a protective barrier around plant roots. Roots transfer sugars, carbons, and vitamins to soil which is utilized by soil microbes. Carbon is utilized in soil and is made available for plants to uptake.

WOWGROWAlgae Mineral MAX encourages a more active interchange between soil and roots in the rhizosphere. The minerals in Micro Absorption Solutions‘ WOWGROWAlgae fertilizers provide raw materials for plants to use to their great benefit. Providing raw materials for plant uptake creates optimal conditions for plants to thrive and grow.

Ion Exchange in soil: Cations (Ca, K, Mg, Na) are negatively charged ions and anions are positively charged ions. Nitrogen is a positively charged element and holds in the soil. The ability of soil to store a particular group of nutrients is known as a soil’s cation or anion exchange capacity which describes the movement of these ions through the soil. Most soil particles are negatively charged while plant nutrients are both positively and negatively charged. The charge determines how long it will stay in or move through the soil.

Mycorrhizae: “Mycorrhizal fungi are a class of fungi that live in close symbiotic association with plant roots. They are capable of mining phosphorus from the soil and supplying it to plants in exchange for root exudate nutrients.

Many soils have plenty of the phosphorus that is essential for plant growth but not in a form that is available for plants to use. Phosphorus is a chemical that is tightly bound up in soil and not easily solubilized. Mycorrhizal fungi produce and release phosphatases, enzymes that break off phosphate groups from other molecules to which they are attached and deliver them to the roots of the plants from which they feed. Some fungi are even capable of turning phosphorus into phosphoric acid that is then used to dissolve other valuable minerals out of rock particles.

Most often, plants are thought of as only taking up minerals through the root system to feed their foliage. Few are aware that a great deal of the energy captured by the plant through photosynthesis in its leaves is actually used by the plant to manufacture nutrients and other chemicals that it will use to feed its partners in symbiosis, underground in the rhizosphere.

The importance of root exudates and multispecies symbiosis in the rhizosphere has only recently come to the awareness of agricultural researchers. It was indeed a matter of ‘out of sight, out of mind.’ As a result, these processes are poorly understood. A proper study of root exudates has only just begun and they will be investigated for many years to come.

The bacteria and fungi that feed in the rhizosphere are at the bottom of the food chain. In turn, they are eaten by larger microbes such as nematodes and protozoa (amoebae, flagellates, and ciliates). These, in turn, become prey to a multitude of macrofauna of various sizes. From the tiniest bacteria and fungi up to the largest insects and animals that feed on them, it is correct to think of these as packages of fertilizer. As they live and excrete, as they are eaten and excreted, the nutrients that pass through their bodies, or are contained in their bodies, become distributed through the soil so that they become available, ultimately, to plants.”—Arthur Ziegler, Seawater Concentrate for Abundant Agriculture, 2012, 49-52

Fungal inoculants help form the basis of soil including its structure. They help plants uptake water and nutrients. Mycorrhizal fungi mine phosphorous & trace minerals. Sugars (exudates) and carbon enter the soil. Mycorrhizae improve plant growth and yields. They contribute to the humic acid exchange which minimizes nutrient and water loss in their spongy structure.

Aminos: Amino acids in plants are organic molecules that are synthesized from nitrogen and are absorbed through the roots. They are the building blocks of protein and act as precursors for growth hormones. They stimulate roots and increase nutrient and water uptake in plants. They help protect plants against insects, diseases, and stress. Aminos fuel carbon production and increase a plant’s metabolism. They support germination and seed growth. Klamath Blue-Green algae are very high in aminos and other bioactive compounds. This is also true of the Azolla fern and other aquatic species that nourish soil. All of this including the mycorrhizal fungi contributes to the humic acid exchange causing higher uptake of plant nutrients.

Naturally Occurring Plant Hormones

Naturally occurring plant hormones, also known as phytohormones, are organic substances produced within plants that play an essential role in plant growth and development to flowering and even the decline of the plant. They regulate plant functions at the cellular and molecular level. They determine the formation of the root, stem, leaf, and flower. They facilitate the shedding of leaves and fruit development. They play a crucial role in helping plants adapt to stress including acclimation, difficult soil conditions to heavy metals. The five main plant hormones are Gibberellins, Auxins, Cytokinins, Abscisic acid, and Ethylene gas.

Gibberellins: Abundant in seeds, young leaves, and roots, gibberellins regulate various developmental processes including stem elongation, seed germination, leaf expansion, transition into flowering, and the development of fruit buds, and flowers. They promote Growth hormones and nutrients that cause cell elongation and help produce new leaf nodes and buds while mitigating stem growth and elongation. This results in taller plants with greater fruit production. Gibberellic Acid digests amylase and converts it into simple sugars which help lipase break down into fatty acids and help proteins break down into aminos. Aminos are considered to be critical building blocks for protein utilization.

Auxins: A growth hormone that causes cell elongation. They are found in the growing regions of plants such as the buds and the tips of roots and shoots. Auxins also influence the orientation of stems toward the light (phototropism) and against the force of gravity (geotropism). They also play a role in cell division, cell differentiation (the process of a cell changing from one type of cell to another such as from a less specialized cell to a more specialized one), fruit development, root formation from cuttings, and leaf shedding.

“During the daytime when a plant is receiving solar radiation, the solar chemical factories in its leaves are busy making up to 100,000 different chemical compounds for its growth and reproductive needs. Of prime importance are the growth hormones: auxins, ethylene, and gibberellins. These are signaling molecules that initiate and regulate cell specialization. They determine which tissues grow upward and which grow downward, leaf formation and stem growth, fruit development and ripening, plant longevity, and even plant death. Hormones are vital to plant growth, and lacking them, plants would be just a mass of undifferentiated cells.”
—Arthur Ziegler, Seawater Concentrate for Abundant Agriculture, 2012, 47

Cytokinins: “Another important group of plant growth regulators are the plant cell signaling molecules called cytokinons. These are a class of proteins that promote cell division in plant roots and shoots. They are involved primarily in cell growth and differentiation. As more knowledge has been gained, the lines have become blurred between the formerly distinct categories of hormones and cytokinins as one has been found to blend into the other. A research agronomist with Cornell University has referred to Sea-Crop® seawater concentrate as having cytokinin-like effects.”
—Ibid, 47–48

Cytokinins are produced by plant-associated micro-organisms, microalgae, and insects. They are also involved in numerous aspects of plant growth including seed germination, fruit and flower development, leaf shedding, and enhancing plant resistance to pathogens.

Abscisic Acid (ABA): A stress hormone named for its role in response to stressful environments. Abscisic acid is a growth inhibitor and is associated with physiological functions such as seed maturation, seed germination in a stress-free environment, dormancy formation, and the storage of compounds. The leaves help with dormancy by keeping the stomata closed to prevent water loss.

Ethylene Gas: Gaseous hormone and growth inhibitor that stimulates germination, activates fruit maturation, inhibits elongation, increases horizontal growth, and programs cell death as the cycle is completed. An example of this is bananas ripening in a bag as gases are released.

Orange Oil (Florida, steam-distilled D-Limonene): This powerful cleaning agent with a pleasant aroma helps reduce plant stress.

Archived Components

We were strongly considering using these three additives below in our WOWGROWAlgae Mineral MAX formula. Although these additives are good materials, they were not appropriate for this formula; we were seeking out the most highly soluble material to use. In addition, some of the materials listed below were not readily available.

Basalt Rock Dust: A dark, fine-grained volcanic (igneous) rock that contains several micronutrients including iron, magnesium, calcium, manganese, zinc, and soluble silicon, all of which are absorbed by and greatly benefit soil. Rock Dust has a high water-holding capacity. It increases microbial activity and root growth which allows for greater uptake of nutrients by plants. It contributes to the building of humus complexes and supports soil fertility. Basalt also contains soluble silicon which strengthens plant stems and cell walls resulting in taller plants that capture more light for improved photosynthesis. Basalt Rock Dust bolsters crop resistance to pests and disease. It improves crop yields and enhances the flavor of edible crops. Basalt feeds microbes which advance land vitality and plant hardiness. Klamath Lake is perched atop of basalt, which stretches throughout the Northwest.
CDFA, OMRI listed, Oregon

Green Glacial Rock Dust: Past Ice Age expansion & contraction re-mineralizes soil & enhances its vitality. This natural fertilizer help release enzymes in soil to feed plants (rhizosphere activity). It improves plant structure, root growth, the cation exchange capacity & enriches compost including water retention in crops. This rock dust is an excellent source of magnesium, (helps store chlorophyll) manganese, zinc, silicon, iron, and other trace elements.
ECOCERT Certified, Canada

Green Sand: A mineral-rich blue-green colored glauconite that is harvested from ancient ocean floors. It contains a high quantity of important nutrients, including potassium (up to 3%) to enrich and mineralize soil for easy uptake by plants. Green Sand slowly and gently releases its nutrients which avoids root burn. It helps loosen soil, improves moisture retention due to its porous nature, softens hard water, increases root growth, and strengthens cell walls. It can retain water up to one-third of its weight. Another benefit of Green Sand is that it can break up clay soils to increase drainage and allow oxygen into the soil. It can also hold loose, sandy soils together and can be used to enrich compost.
OMRI listed, Brazil

Note: Much of the information contained in this document can be found in the posts on the Links page of this website.